A growing global population and urban areas, the need for decent housing is today bigger than ever. What is the most successful slogan for the metropolization: Commonlife quality or every man on his own? Paths to a city that offers life to all.
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Breaking schemas, gaining access
In Peru, state social housing programs are dominated by construction companies, making it impossible for families to self-construct. The Banks, which are in charge of placing the state subsidy, accentuate the problem because low income families, as the main target group of this state subsidy do not qualifydue to a lack of solvency. The example of the «Movement of the Homeless of Lima / Peru» breaks down schemes and barriers, achieving from its persistence access to the decent housing.
The Way of Concertation
Leading women, who have emerged from neighborhood social organizations in El Agustino and other districts in the eastern sector of Lima, share their experiences on the road to changing relations with authorities on the subject of local development. They put in the talk what they have achieved: the you to you with the municipality. Read the article
Human settlements such as Virgen de la Candelaria, on the outskirts of Lima, are a very frequent phenomenon in large cities. Low-income families are looking for a place to live close to the apparent economic and educational opportunities of the metropolis. Selective laws and norms result in the consolidation of these neighborhoods and make the progress of their habitants extremely difficult. These conditions force majorities in large cities to find an informal housing solution, dealing with a perverse logic of laws that are not made for those who have been taken to critical circumstances by the development model. This situation ends often in a paradoxical picture: majorities of the population excluded by laws that protect the interests of the system instead of responding to the needs of the majority.
The fight for the right to decent housing, a recognized right, is in fact denied to many families in the country, who live in precarious housing conditions, without access to basic services and invisible in their just demands. This harsh reality led a group of tenants from Cochabamba to dream about the possibility of a community living space. The Organization of Tenants of Cochabamba (OINCO) is facing a hard struggle, due to the commercialization and speculation of urban land, carrying out the task of building community and community housing. One of these efforts allowed access to a land in lending that allows affiliates of the OINCO to produce healthy food, organizing the Popular School of Agroecology, as part of its philosophy of learning and teaching to manage the soil.
Accountability and the civil society
Accountability by public authorities in compliance with transparency protocols is often the result of the persevering pressure exerted by dynamic sectors of the civil society in a local context; is sometimes the only viable way to achieve quality in public services.
In the name of progress or the right to be taken into account
“We have never been against the construction of the urban railway, but not at the price of being expelled” says Margarita Monforte, president of the neighborhood association “Quinta Virgen del Quinto Patio”, the struggle of forty families in downtown Lima to exercise their rights in front of the megaproject of the electric train as part of a mass transportation system in the Peruvian capital.
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